RICHARD DOUGLAS FOSBURY (b. March 6, 1947, Portland, Ore., U.S.), American high jumper who revolutionized the sport by replacing the traditional approach to jumping with an innovative backward style that became known as the "Fosbury flop."
Fosbury found the straddle-roll jumping style complicated and did not perform well when he employed it during high school competition. He began to develop his backward flop style at the age of 16 and found it effective. When he began to compete for Oregon State University's track-and-field team, however, his coach discouraged his use of the unorthodox method. After trying unsuccessfully to return to the conventional jumping form, Fosbury reverted to his backward flop a year later.
The "Fosbury flop"--which other high jumpers claimed to have developed independently of Fosbury--consists of a curved running approach, a modified scissor jump, and a back layout; the jumper lands on his lower neck and shoulders. This type of landing was initially facilitated by the introduction of padded mats, which were then replacing sand as a landing surface. Using the flop, Fosbury won the indoor and outdoor NCAA championships in 1968 and went on to qualify for the 1968 Olympic team.
When Fosbury arrived at the Olympics in Mexico City, his technique was greeted with skepticism by coaches and competitors, but the audience was captivated by the novelty of his jumping style, and by the end of the first day of competition he had successfully cleared each height on the first attempt. The next day Fosbury changed his sport forever, jumping 2.24 m (7 feet 4 1/4 inches) to break the world high-jump record and win the Olympic gold medal before an international television audience.
Although Fosbury did not make the 1972 U.S. Olympic team, many of the world's leading high jumpers used his jumping method at the Games in Munich. In the years that followed, Fosbury's technique became the event standard. In 1993 he was elected to the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.